Understanding the World in Islam: Exploring its Beliefs and Practices

World in islam

Islamic culture encompasses a rich and diverse heritage that has had a profound impact on societies around the world. From its birth in the 7th century to the present day, Islam has shaped politics, art, literature, and philosophy. This article delves into the influence and impact of Islamic culture, exploring its contributions in various fields and its lasting legacy in shaping the world we live in.

One of the most significant contributions of Islamic culture is its influence on architecture and design. Islamic architecture is renowned for its intricate geometric patterns and distinctive features such as domes and minarets. From the iconic domes of the Taj Mahal in India to the grand mosques of Istanbul, Islamic architecture has left an indelible mark on the skylines of cities around the world.

Islamic culture has also greatly influenced the arts and literature. Islamic calligraphy, with its graceful and flowing script, has become a visual representation of the divine word. Islamic literature, such as the works of Persian poet Rumi, has inspired countless readers with its spiritual and philosophical teachings. The artistic expressions of Islamic culture continue to captivate audiences and convey profound messages of faith and beauty.

The Influence and Impact of Islamic Culture on the World

The Islamic culture has had a profound influence on the world, shaping various aspects of societies, art, science, and daily life. Here are some key areas where Islamic culture has left its mark:

  1. Art and Architecture: Islamic art and architecture are known for their intricate designs, geometric patterns, and calligraphy. The use of these elements can be seen in mosques, palaces, and other structures throughout the world, leaving a lasting impact on architectural styles.

  2. Science and Mathematics: Islamic scholars made significant contributions to scientific and mathematical fields during the Islamic Golden Age. They preserved and translated ancient Greek and Roman texts, developed advanced systems of astronomy, medicine, and algebra, and paved the way for future scientific advancements in Europe.

  3. Education and Learning: Islamic culture has a long-standing tradition of valuing education and knowledge. Madrasas (educational institutions) were established as centers of learning, which played a crucial role in the preservation and dissemination of knowledge across various disciplines.

  4. Trade and Commerce: Islamic culture fostered extensive trade networks, connecting the East and the West. The development of Islamic banking practices, including the prohibition of interest, contributed to the growth of global trade and influenced modern financial systems.

  5. Literature and Language: Arabic, as the language of the Quran, holds great significance in Islamic culture. The Islamic world has produced a rich body of literature, including poetry, prose, and philosophical works, which have influenced writers and thinkers from various cultures.

In summary, Islamic culture has had a far-reaching influence on the world, impacting fields such as art, science, education, trade, and literature. Its legacy can be seen in the architectural wonders, scientific discoveries, educational institutions, global trade practices, and diverse literary traditions that continue to shape the world we live in today.

Origins and Spread of Islam


The origins of Islam can be traced back to the early 7th century in the Arabian Peninsula, specifically in the city of Mecca. The religion was founded by Prophet Muhammad, who is considered to be the last and final prophet in Islam. Muhammad received revelations from God, which were later compiled into the holy book of Islam, the Quran.


After the establishment of Islam in Mecca, the religion spread rapidly throughout the Arabian Peninsula and beyond. The spread of Islam can be attributed to a combination of both military conquests and peaceful conversions.

One of the early challenges that Islam faced was opposition from the ruling elites in Mecca. As a result, Muhammad and his followers migrated to the city of Medina in 622 CE, an event known as the Hijra. In Medina, Muhammad established a strong community and gained support from both the indigenous tribes and the Jewish population.

With the growing strength of the Muslim community, Muhammad and his followers were able to return to Mecca and establish Islam as the dominant religion. Many tribes and individuals embraced Islam voluntarily, attracted by its message of monotheism and social justice.

However, Islam also spread through military conquests. The early Islamic Caliphate expanded rapidly, conquering territories in the Middle East, North Africa, and even parts of Europe. The Islamic armies were often welcomed by oppressed populations who saw Islam as a liberating force.


The spread of Islam had a profound impact on the societies and cultures it encountered. Islamic civilization flourished, and many advancements were made in the fields of science, mathematics, medicine, and architecture.

The Islamic legal system, known as Sharia law, also had a significant influence on the legal systems of many countries. Islamic teachings and principles have shaped and continue to shape the social, political, and cultural landscape of Muslim-majority countries.

Today, Islam is one of the major world religions, with over 1.8 billion followers. It is a diverse and dynamic religion that continues to evolve and adapt to contemporary challenges and contexts.

Art and Architecture in Islamic Culture

Islamic art and architecture have played a significant role in shaping the cultural landscape of the Islamic world. With its rich history and diverse influences, Islamic art is known for its intricate designs, geometric patterns, and calligraphy.

Islamic Calligraphy:

Calligraphy holds a special place in Islamic art as it is believed to be the highest form of artistic expression. The beauty of Arabic script is showcased in the intricate patterns and harmonious lines of Islamic calligraphy. Quranic verses and quotes from Islamic scholars are often inscribed in decorative calligraphy, which can be found in mosques, palaces, and other Islamic buildings.

Geometric Patterns:

Geometric patterns are another prominent feature of Islamic art and architecture. These complex and symmetrical designs can be seen in mosques and other Islamic structures. The repetition of geometric shapes represents the unity and perfection found in the Islamic faith.


Mosques hold a central place in Islamic architecture. These sacred spaces are not only places of worship but also serve as community centers and educational institutions. Islamic mosques feature architectural elements such as domes, minarets, and prayer halls. The grand mosques of Islamic cities like Mecca, Medina, and Istanbul are renowned for their stunning architectural beauty.

Islamic Miniature Paintings:

Islamic miniature paintings are another form of art that flourished during the Islamic Golden Age. These intricate paintings often depict scenes from Islamic literature and courtly life. The use of vibrant colors and intricate detailing makes these paintings visually captivating.

Islamic Carpets:

Islamic carpets are revered for their craftsmanship and artistic beauty. These intricately woven carpets often feature geometric patterns and floral motifs. Islamic carpets are known for their durability and high-quality materials.


Art and architecture are integral parts of Islamic culture. Islamic art, with its focus on calligraphy, geometric patterns, and intricate designs, showcases the richness and beauty of Islamic culture. Islamic architecture, particularly mosques, are not only places of worship but also symbols of the grandeur and architectural mastery of the Islamic world.

Islamic Philosophy and Scientific Contributions

Islamic philosophy and scientific contributions have had a profound impact on the world, shaping the development of various fields of study and influencing intellectual thought. From the Middle Ages to the present, Islamic scholars have made significant advancements in areas such as mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and philosophy.

One of the most notable contributions of Islamic philosophy is its preservation and translation of ancient Greek texts. During the Islamic Golden Age, scholars in the Islamic world translated and studied the works of Greek philosophers such as Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates. This translation movement not only preserved these ancient texts but also introduced them to the Western world, where they had been largely forgotten.

Islamic scholars also made important contributions to mathematics. They built upon the works of ancient mathematicians and developed new concepts and ideas. For example, Al-Khwarizmi, often referred to as the “father of algebra,” introduced algebraic concepts and methods that are still taught in schools today. Islamic mathematicians also made advancements in trigonometry, geometry, and arithmetic.

In the field of astronomy, Islamic scholars made significant contributions by advancing the understanding of celestial bodies and their movements. They developed new instruments and techniques for observing and studying the stars, laying the foundation for modern astronomy. Additionally, they made important discoveries in the field of optics and made advancements in the field of astrophysics.

Islamic medicine also played a crucial role in the development of modern medical science. Islamic physicians, such as Ibn Sina (Avicenna), made important discoveries in the field of medicine and developed new treatments and therapies. They also established hospitals and medical schools, creating a system for the training of doctors and the provision of healthcare.

Islamic philosophy and scientific contributions have not only influenced their own culture but have also had a lasting impact on the wider world. The knowledge and advancements made by Islamic scholars during the Islamic Golden Age were later transmitted to Europe, playing a key role in the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution. Islamic philosophy, with its emphasis on reason and intellectual inquiry, continues to shape modern philosophical thought as well.

Key Figures in Islamic Philosophy and Science
Name Field of Contribution
Al-Khwarizmi Mathematics
Ibn Sina (Avicenna) Medicine, Philosophy
Al-Farabi Philosophy
Ibn al-Haytham Astronomy, Optics
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi Astronomy, Mathematics

Islamic Education and Scholarship

Education plays a central role in Islamic culture, as it is seen as a means of obtaining knowledge and developing a deeper understanding of the world and one’s faith. Islamic education encompasses a wide range of subjects, including religious studies, Arabic language, mathematics, science, and philosophy.

In early Islamic civilizations, Islamic education was primarily conducted in madrasas, which were religious schools established to teach the Quran and Islamic theology. These schools served as centers of knowledge and attracted scholars and students from various parts of the Muslim world. The curriculum in these madrasas included the study of Islamic law, theology, and Quranic interpretation.

Islamic scholarship thrived during the Golden Age of Islam, which lasted from the 8th to the 14th centuries. This period saw significant advancements in various fields, including mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and philosophy. Islamic scholars made significant contributions to these fields and their works were later translated into Latin and influenced European intellectual development during the Renaissance.

The role of Islamic education expanded during the Islamic Golden Age, with the establishment of universities and libraries in major Islamic cities such as Baghdad, Cairo, and Cordoba. These institutions became centers of learning, attracting renowned scholars and fostering academic exchanges. Islamic scholars were encouraged to engage in critical thinking, debate, and intellectual exploration.

Islamic education also encompassed moral and ethical teachings, emphasizing the importance of character development and social responsibility. Students were taught to apply the principles of justice, compassion, and humility in their daily lives, and the virtues of knowledge and wisdom were highly valued.

In contemporary times, Islamic education continues to be an integral part of Muslim societies. Alongside traditional madrasas, many Muslim countries have developed modern educational institutions that combine Islamic teachings with a modern curriculum. These institutions aim to equip students with religious knowledge while also providing them with the skills necessary for success in the modern world.

Islamic scholarship and educational institutions continue to contribute to global intellectual and cultural development. Islamic scholars and thinkers are engaged in academic research, publishing scholarly works, and participating in international conferences and seminars. Their contributions help bridge the gap between Islamic heritage and contemporary global knowledge, promoting mutual understanding and cultural exchange.

Overall, Islamic education and scholarship have played a crucial role in shaping Islamic culture and civilization. It has fostered intellectual curiosity, critical thinking, and the pursuit of knowledge, while also instilling moral values and guiding individuals in leading a virtuous life.

Islamic Literature and Poetry

Islamic Literature and Poetry

Islamic literature and poetry hold a significant place in the cultural heritage of the Islamic world. This rich literary tradition has been shaped by the teachings of the Quran, the words of the Prophet Muhammad, and the diverse cultural influences from different regions of the Islamic world.

One of the most influential pieces of Islamic literature is the Quran itself. It is considered the holy book of Islam and is believed to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. The Quran serves as a guidebook for Muslims, addressing various aspects of life and providing moral and ethical teachings. Its poetic style and profound symbolism have made it a masterpiece of Arabic literature.

Prophet Muhammad’s sayings and actions, known as Hadith, also play a crucial role in Islamic literature. These collections of traditions and teachings serve as a source of guidance and inspiration for Muslims. Hadith literature focuses on various topics, such as morality, ethics, spirituality, and legal principles, providing valuable insights into the Prophet’s life and teachings.

Islamic literature is not limited to religious texts. It encompasses a wide range of genres, including historical accounts, biographies, philosophy, and scientific writings. Many famous Islamic scholars and thinkers have contributed to this literary tradition, such as Ibn Sina, Al-Farabi, and Al-Ghazali, whose works have had a lasting impact on Islamic intellectual history.

Poetry holds a special place in Islamic literature. Arabic poetry has a long history and has been highly regarded for its eloquence and beauty. Pre-Islamic poetry, known as Jahiliyyah poetry, celebrated tribal virtues and heroic deeds. With the advent of Islam, poetry took on a new significance as a means of praising God, expressing devotion, and conveying moral lessons. Famous poets like Rumi, Hafiz, and Ibn Arabi continue to be celebrated for their mystical poetry, known as Sufi poetry, which explores themes of love, unity, and spiritual enlightenment.

Islamic literature has also been influenced by the regions it encompasses. Persian literature, for example, has produced renowned poets like Ferdowsi, Saadi, and Rumi, who crafted masterful works in the Persian language. Similarly, Turkish literature, Urdu literature, and other regional literary traditions have contributed to the diversity and richness of Islamic literature.

In conclusion, Islamic literature and poetry reflect the profound impact of Islam on culture and society. From the Quran and Hadith to the works of famous poets and scholars, this literary tradition continues to inspire and enlighten Muslims and non-Muslims alike, offering insights into the values, beliefs, and wisdom of Islamic culture throughout history.

Islamic Music and Performing Arts

Islamic music is a vibrant and diverse form of artistic expression that has been influenced by various cultures and regions throughout the Islamic world. It encompasses a wide range of musical genres, including religious chants, devotional songs, instrumental compositions, and folk music.

The art of music in Islamic culture is deeply rooted in the teachings of the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad. It serves as a powerful means of spiritual connection and worship, as well as a form of entertainment and cultural expression.

In Islamic music, the human voice is highly valued and often takes center stage. Vocal performances may feature solo singers, choirs, or recitations of Quranic verses. The use of musical instruments varies across different regions and interpretations of Islamic law. Some interpretations allow for the use of certain instruments, such as the oud (a stringed instrument), percussion instruments, and the ney (a flute-like instrument). However, other interpretations prohibit the use of musical instruments altogether.

The performing arts in Islamic culture also extend beyond music to include various forms of dance and theater. Traditional dance forms, such as the whirling dervishes of Sufi tradition or the folk dances of different countries, showcase the rich cultural heritage and celebrate the unity of the Islamic community.

Theater in Islamic culture often emphasizes storytelling and moral lessons, drawing inspiration from historical events, Islamic teachings, and classic literary works. Islamic theater may incorporate elements of poetry, music, and dance to create a captivating and enlightening experience for the audience.

Islamic music and performing arts have had a significant impact on the cultural identity and social fabric of Islamic societies throughout history. They have helped to unite communities, preserve traditions, and transmit values and teachings across generations. They also serve as a platform for artists to express their creativity and spread messages of peace, love, and spirituality.

Key Points about Islamic Music and Performing Arts:
  • Islamic music encompasses diverse genres and is rooted in Quranic teachings.
  • The human voice plays a central role in Islamic music.
  • Use of musical instruments varies based on interpretations of Islamic law.
  • Traditional dances and theater highlight cultural heritage and moral lessons.
  • Islamic music and performing arts have a significant impact on Islamic societies.

Islamic Cuisine and Gastronomy

The culinary traditions of the Islamic world are diverse and rich, reflecting the diverse cultural and geographical influences that have shaped Islamic cuisine over centuries. Islamic cuisine encompasses a wide range of flavors, techniques, and dishes that vary across different regions and countries.

Halal: A fundamental aspect of Islamic cuisine is the adherence to halal dietary laws. Halal refers to food that is permissible according to Islamic law. This means that certain foods, such as pork and alcohol, are prohibited, while others, such as meat and poultry, must be prepared in a specific way (e.g., slaughtered by a Muslim and blessed in the name of Allah).

Common Ingredients: Islamic cuisine incorporates a variety of ingredients that are commonly found in the Islamic world. These include lamb, beef, chicken, fish, rice, lentils, chickpeas, yogurt, olive oil, dates, nuts, and a variety of spices such as cinnamon, cumin, coriander, and turmeric.

Regional Influences: Islamic cuisine has been influenced by the culinary traditions of the regions where Islam has spread. For example, in the Middle East, dishes like hummus, falafel, and kebabs are popular. In North Africa, couscous and tagine are traditional dishes. In South Asia, biryani and kebabs are commonly enjoyed. In each region, Islamic cuisine merges with local flavors, ingredients, and techniques to create unique dishes.

Meals and Dining Etiquette: Islamic culture places a significant emphasis on hospitality and sharing meals with others. It is common for meals to be served family-style, with multiple dishes placed on the table for everyone to share. Eating with the right hand is preferred, and it is customary to say “Bismillah” (in the name of Allah) before beginning a meal.

Sweets and Desserts: Islamic cuisine is also known for its delectable sweets and desserts. Traditional sweets like baklava, kunafa, halva, and gulab jamun are enjoyed in different parts of the Islamic world. These desserts often feature ingredients such as honey, nuts, pistachios, rose water, and saffron.

Cultural Significance: Islamic cuisine not only satisfies hunger but also serves as a means of celebrating cultural and religious traditions. Islamic festivals, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, are marked by special meals and traditional dishes that vary from country to country.

Conclusion: Islamic cuisine and gastronomy are an integral part of Islamic culture and play a significant role in bringing communities together. The rich flavors, diverse dishes, and emphasis on hospitality make Islamic cuisine a unique and cherished aspect of the Islamic world.

The Global Influence of Islamic Fashion and Design

The world of fashion and design has been greatly influenced by Islamic culture throughout history. Islamic fashion and design have become increasingly popular and have made a significant impact on the global fashion industry. From the modest yet stylish traditional clothing to cutting-edge modern designs, Islamic fashion and design are now a key part of the global fashion scene.

One of the most recognizable aspects of Islamic fashion is the hijab, a headscarf worn by Muslim women. The hijab has evolved over time and has become a symbol of modesty and fashion for women around the world. Many designers have incorporated the hijab into their collections, creating stylish and trendy options for women of all backgrounds.

In addition to the hijab, Islamic fashion encompasses a wide range of clothing styles that follow the principles of modesty and elegance. Traditional Islamic clothing, such as the abaya and thobe, have gained international recognition and are now available in various designs to suit different tastes and preferences. These garments are often embellished with intricate embroidery and rich fabrics, making them not only modest but also luxurious.

The influence of Islamic fashion and design extends beyond clothing. Islamic geometric patterns and motifs can be seen in architecture, interior design, and even product packaging. These designs are known for their symmetry, intricacy, and beauty. They have been embraced by designers around the world who incorporate them into their creations, adding a touch of Islamic artistry to various industries.

The global influence of Islamic fashion and design can also be seen in the rise of modest fashion weeks and exhibitions. These events showcase the latest trends in modest fashion, attracting designers, buyers, and fashion enthusiasts from all over the world. They provide a platform to celebrate and promote Islamic fashion, creating a space for designers to showcase their talent and innovation.

Islamic fashion and design have undoubtedly made a lasting impact on the global fashion industry. They have brought a fresh perspective, combining modesty with modernity, creating a space for self-expression and creativity. By embracing and celebrating Islamic fashion and design, the world has become more diverse, inclusive, and fashion-forward.


What is the history of Islam?

Islam was founded in the 7th century by Prophet Muhammad. It quickly spread across the Arabian Peninsula and eventually expanded to become a major global religion.

How has Islamic culture influenced the world?

Islamic culture has had a significant impact on various aspects of the world. It has contributed to advancements in science, mathematics, and philosophy. It has also influenced art, literature, architecture, and social structures in different regions.

What are some key beliefs of Islam?

Islam is centered around the belief in one God, Allah. Muslims believe in prophets and messengers, including Muhammad as the final prophet. They also believe in the Day of Judgment and follow the Five Pillars of Islam, which include the declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, giving to charity, and the pilgrimage to Mecca.

How does Islamic culture celebrate festivals?

Islamic culture celebrates several major festivals, including Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting, and is celebrated with special prayers, feasts, and exchange of gifts. Eid al-Adha commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son and involves prayers, charity, and the sacrifice of animals.

What are some famous Islamic architectural structures?

There are several iconic Islamic architectural structures around the world. Some of the most famous ones include the Great Mosque of Mecca, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, the Alhambra in Spain, and the Taj Mahal in India.

How has Islamic culture influenced literature?

Islamic culture has made significant contributions to literature. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, is considered a masterpiece of Arabic literature. Islamic scholars also produced works of poetry, philosophy, and historiography. The renowned collection of stories, “One Thousand and One Nights,” is another example of the rich literary heritage influenced by Islamic culture.

Islam’s Influence on the US | Centre Stage

Islamic Golden Age – Philosophy and Humanities

WATCH CAREFULLY: Jordan Peterson Is Revealing Something About Elon Musk!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *